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Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease where the body cannot regulate the level of blood sugar (glucose) in the body . The level of blood glucose is regulated by hormones, mainly insulin which is produced in the pancreas. The muscle and other cells of the body do not get the glucose which they require for various activities. The high level of blood sugar also damages various organs and tissues

There are 3 types of diabetes - Type 1, Type 2 and Type 3 (Gestational diabetes).

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed during childhood or adolescence and occurs when the body  stops producing insulin . This is because of damage to pancreatic beta cells. Patients suffering from Type 1 diabetes require to either inject or inhale insulin daily

Type 2 diabetes or insulin resistance occurs when the body is unable to fully or partially utilize the insulin secreted by the pancreas. Most 90% of the people suffer from this form of diabetes.  Obesity and heredity are important factors which cause this type of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be treated initially by increasing physical exercise, decreasing glucose producing carbohydrates and by losing weight .

 Type 3 (Gestational diabetes) - develops in women during the second half of pregnancy and is the body does not respond to the insulin generated. The symptoms may improve or disappear after the child is born but the woman is more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes later in life.

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